Enfield No 2 Mk I Since the invention of the revolver in the British army, constantly held colonial campaign primarily paid attention to stopping power and therefore used heavy lead bullet with a low introductory rate. For many years, used cartridges kalibrov.450, .455 i.476 who really were very efficient.
.38 / 200
(.38 S & W)
Barrel length, mm
Weight empty, kg
Drum count. cartridges
Muzzle velocity, m / s
During the First World War, the standard weapon of the British military were Webley revolvers kalibra.455. It was an effective weapon, but too heavy and large, and shooting out of it required skill, long training and practice. For this reason, after 1919 the command of the British Army took the decision not to kalibra.455 cartridges and replace created under this cartridge revolvers model for smaller caliber, but with an equally high fighting qualities.
After numerous experiments and tests it was decided that the best weapon is the .38 because it had enough stopping power, and relatively weak returns significantly increases the possibility of aimed fire. When this weapon became easier, and shoot it - easier and also reduces training time shooting.
As a result, in 1932 the UK adopted the revolver was adopted with the designation Enfield No 2 Mk I under patron.38/200 (.38/200 - marking patrona.38 S & W in England), developed by the Royal Small Arms Factory «Royal Small Arms Factory »Anfield in the second half of the 1920s.
device revolver Enfield No 2 Mk I
The design of Enfield No 2 Mk I was laid revolver Webley Mark VI kalibra.455 with slight modifications. Revolver from Enfield used cartridge kalibra.38 became lighter and more compact, was modified trigger mechanism, and the rest was like a model Webley & Scott.
Enfield No 2 Mk I Revolver Enfield No 2 Mk I had a drop-down ("tipping") framework for the simultaneous removal of spent cartridges upon expansion frame and lowering the barrel down, power strip, using a spring-loaded extractor.
Locking framework implemented fairly simple lock having the form U-shaped bracket, the top crossbar exciting shank upper half of the frame. Lock control lever on the left side of the box, when you click on the crossbar that moves back and freed the upper part of the frame. On the right side of the frame is open V-shaped located flat spring lock.
Enfield No 2 Mk I hammer-type firing mechanism with open hammer having a "clear" double action. Allowed to fire as by manual cocking before each shot, and the DA mode, to be fired when it was only necessary to pull the trigger.
Food arms ammunition was carried out of the drum capacity of six rounds. Ekstraktirovanie spent cartridges carried out automatically - when you press the lock lever locking frame revolver breaks the drum opened, spring star pushed out spent cartridges.
Sights open. The front sight is screwed into the tide at the muzzle, and the square pillar located in the upper portion of the lever lock frame.
Wooden handle cheeks had small incision.
Below the handle is a safety ring for the strap.
Revolver Enfield No 2 Mk I was a reliable and effective weapon. Sighting shots were fired at a distance of up to 45 m construction scheme with turning frame provides a sufficiently high rate of charge, comparable to that of revolvers with reclining sideways drum.
Enfield No 2 Mk I revolver model 1932, became quite popular in the British Army, earning a good reputation. However, from the Royal Tank Regiment soldiers who wore revolvers in an open holster, there were complaints regarding that spoke on the trigger constantly clung to various devices in a confined space combat vehicles. Therefore, in 1938 the revolver design was changed.
modified model of the sample in 1938 was designated the Enfield No 2 Mk I *. Its main difference from the base model was the lack of spokes trigger. USM has been changed so that the shooting was possible only samovzvodom. Mainspring deliberately weakened to reduce the cocking force on the trigger and increase the accuracy of the shot. Appeared on the cheeks grip recess for the thumb, and they were identical on both sides, so that the weapon could be used for both right and left hand. End of the screw that fastens the cheeks, passed through brass disk 19 mm in diameter, located on the right hand weapons and intended for the part numbers and symbols.
Enfield No 2 Mk I *
Caught earlier troops revolvers Enfield No 2 Mk I, in the course of military repairs altered in Enfield No 2 Mk I *.
By 1942, when British troops had taken an active part in World War II, has undergone another modification of the revolver and was designated Enfield No 2 Mk I **.
Enfield No 2 Mk I * Revolver 1942 sample differed from Enfield No 2 Mark 1 * only some simplifications in design and technology in accordance with the requirements of wartime. The main difference in the structure comprised in the absence of the safety mechanism of the hammer stopper. This was done to reduce the cost and accelerate the mass production of weapons at a difficult time for the British Empire. However, it soon emerged downside - too simplified design often broke down, and the gun shoots easily when dropped or accidentally struck on the trigger.
After the Second World War in 1945, all revolvers Enfield No 2 Mk I ** have been withdrawn from the army and converted under standard Enfield No 2 Mk I *.
Accurate data on the number of Enfield revolvers available, but it is estimated to be approximately 380,000 units. These weapons during the Second World War has been widely used in parts of the British Army and after the war formations supplied colonial troops of the British Empire. Revolvers Enfield No 2 Mk I remained in service with the UK to 1960, and as a police weapon they could be met in the 1980s. http://tonnel-ufo.ru/eanglish/weapon/revolver-enfield-no-2-mk-i.php